Stuart, Charles II King of Great Britain

Male 1630 - 1685  (54 years)


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  • Name Stuart, Charles II 
    Suffix King of Great Britain 
    Born 29 May 1630  St. Jame’s Palace London England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 6 Feb 1685  Whitehall Palace London England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 14 Feb 1685  Westminster Abbey London England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I9102  GrangerMusgrave
    Last Modified 27 Nov 2016 

    Father Stuart, Charles I King of Great Britain,   b. 19 Nov 1600, Dunfermline Palace Fife Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jan 1649, Whitehall Palace London England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years) 
    Mother de Bourbon, Henriette de Marie Princesse de France,   b. 26 Nov 1609, The Louvre Paris France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Aug 1669, Château de St. Colombes Île-de-France France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years) 
    Married 13 Jun 1625  St. Augustine’s Church Canterbury Kent England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F6409  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 de Bragança, Catarina Henriqueta Princeza de Portugal 
    Married 21 May 1662  St. Thomas à Becket Church Portsmouth Hampshire England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 27 Nov 2016 10:52:12 
    Family ID F6415  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 de Carteret, Margaret 
    Children 
     1. Stuart, James de,   b. 1646,   d. 1667  (Age 21 years)
    Last Modified 27 Nov 2016 10:52:12 
    Family ID F10675  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Walter, Lucy 
    Children 
     1. Scott, James 1st and last Duke of Monmouth,   b. 9 Mar 1649, Rotterdam Netherlands Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Jul 1685, Tower Hill London England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 36 years)
     2. Stuart, Mary,   b. 1655,   d. Apr 1693  (Age 38 years)
    Last Modified 27 Nov 2016 10:52:12 
    Family ID F10677  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Killigrew, Elizabeth 
    Children 
     1. FitzRoy, Charlotte Jemima Henrietta Maria,   b. 1650,   d. 28 Jul 1684  (Age 34 years)
    Last Modified 27 Nov 2016 10:52:12 
    Family ID F10745  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 5 Pegge, Catherine 
    Children 
     1. FitzCharles, Charles 1st Earl of Plymouth,   b. 1657,   d. 17 Oct 1680, Tangier Morocco Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 23 years)
    Last Modified 27 Nov 2016 10:52:12 
    Family ID F10750  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 6 Villiers, Barbara Duchess of Cleveland,   b. 17 Nov 1640,   d. 9 Oct 1709  (Age 68 years) 
    Children 
     1. FitzRoy, Sir Charles 2nd Duke of Cleveland,   b. 18 Jun 1662, King Street London England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Sep 1730, St. James’s Sq St. James’s London Englan d Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
     2. FitzRoy, Henry 1st Duke of Grafton,   b. 28 Sep 1663,   d. 9 Oct 1690  (Age 27 years)
     3. FitzRoy, Lady Charlotte,   b. 5 Sep 1664,   d. 17 Feb 1718, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)
     4. FitzRoy, George 1st Duke of Northumberland,   b. 28 Oct 1665, Oxford Oxfordshire England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jun 1716  (Age 50 years)
    Last Modified 27 Nov 2016 10:52:12 
    Family ID F10752  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 7 Gwynne, Eleanor 
    Children 
     1. Beauclerk, Charles 1st Duke of St. Albans,   b. 8 May 1670, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 May 1726  (Age 56 years)
     2. Beauclerk, James Lord Beauclerk,   b. 25 Dec 1671,   d. Sep 1680  (Age 8 years)
    Last Modified 27 Nov 2016 10:52:12 
    Family ID F10783  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 8 de Penancoët de Kérouaille, Louise Renée Duchess of Portsmouth,   b. Sep 1649,   d. 14 Nov 1734, Paris France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 85 years) 
    Children 
     1. Lennox, Charles 1st Duke of Richmond,   b. 29 Jul 1672, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 May 1723, Goodwood Sussex England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years)
    Last Modified 27 Nov 2016 10:52:12 
    Family ID F14261  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Charles II Stuart King of Great Britain and Elizabeth Jones Lady Kildare were associated.
      He was created 1st Duke of Rothesay [England] on 29 May 1630.
      He was created 1st Duke of Cornwall [England] on 29 May 1630.
      He was invested as a Knight Order of the Garter (K.G.) on 21 May 1638.
      He and Elizabeth Killigrew were associated circa 1649.
      He and Barbara Villiers Duchess of Cleveland were associated between 1659 and 1668.
      He gained the title of King Charles II of Great Britain on 8 May 1660.
      Charles II Stuart King of Great Britain also went by the nick-name of 'Old Rowley'. Charles II Stuart King of Great Britain also went by the nick-name of 'the Merry Monarch'. He was crowned King of England Scotland France and Ireland Defender of the Faith on 23 April 1661 at Westminster Abbey Westminster London England.
      He and Catherine Pegge were associated. He and Lucy Walter were associated. He and Eleanor Gywnne were associated. He and Louise Renée de Penancoët de Kérouaille Duchess of Portsmouth were associated. He and Mary Davies were associated circa 1672. He and Hortense Mancini were associated in 1675.
      He and Jane Middleton were associated in 1678.
      When his father's cause was lost in 1646 he went to the Isles of Scilly then Jersey and on to France. In 1650 he was crowned King of the Scots at Scone. He invaded England in 1651 and was beaten by Cromwell at the Battle of Worcester and after the battle hid in an oak tree. With difficulty he escaped to France. Returning to England in 1660 he was welcomed as King. Plague struck the country in 1665 killing over 60000 in London alone and in the next year the Great Fire made 200000 homeless. That was not all the Dutch Fleet sailed up the Medway and England had to sue for peace. After the Great Fire Sir Christopher Wren built a new and better London. Charles had St James Park re-created and built Chelsea Hospital for old soldiers. He supported the sciences founding Greenwich Observatory and the Royal Society. Boyle Halley and Newton are illustrious names of his reign and Nell Gwynn will be remembered for other reasons. His Chief Minister was Clarendon who freed the Church of its Cromwellian past. Titus Oates raised the alarm of a Popish plot and many Catholics were executed. Charles himself was a Catholic certainly just before his death and probably before. He had many mistresses and the future Duke of Monmouth was his illegitimate son. Of twenty-six dukes in England today five are descendants on the wrong side of the blanket of Charles II. His neice was married to William of Orange as a diplomatic measure. He brought much needed elegance to the land.


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